Short Notes on CHANGING LIFE IN THE INDIAN VILLAGES
indian Village

Short Notes on CHANGING LIFE IN THE INDIAN VILLAGES

Short Notes on CHANGING LIFE IN THE INDIAN VILLAGES

India is a country of villages. A large percentage of her population lives in villages. India is undergoing revolutionary changes in the villages in the modern age.

Humanity in the villages is waking up. Agrarian reforms and agricultural improvements, science, and technology, industrialization and urbanization are combining to transform the static and ritualistic rural society of India into a dynamic society.

Short Notes on CHANGING LIFE IN THE INDIAN VILLAGES

The Hindu society has been divided into four castes and the outcasts e.g. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Sudras. The people of upper castes treated themselves superior to the people of lower castes and did not eat or drink anything cooked or even touched by them.

An unjust and deep-rooted distinction prevailed between man and man on the basis of caste, color, creed, race, or community. The existence of such an institution of caste served to weaken the fabric of unity in the villages.

At present, every caste living in a village or other local area is interdependent economically or otherwise on the rest of the community. It is helping the growth of unity.

The people living in the villages are ignoring all the barriers of caste. They are linking themselves with one another. Their mutual relationships of master and servant, landlord and tenant, creditor and debtor are uniting them together. The villager’s mental horizon has become broad.

Inter-dining and inter-drinking are spreading fast from the urban areas to the villages. The inter-caste marriage is still very rare and confined mostly to the upper classes. All these breakdowns of age-old restrictions are both revolutionary in themselves and a source of further change.

The steady spread of education exposes the villages even more to the winds of change. The illiterate people are generally stereotyped in their words, deeds, and thoughts. Education brings literacy and raises people’s mental standards along with their standard of living.

Education in the villages is imparted through self help and community effort. As a result a social consciousness is being cultivated in the rural masses, The government is also busy bringing about rural improvement through social welfare extension projects. The scheme of adult education is proving very effective in solving the problems and difficulties of the adults.

It is an acknowledged fact that women have better aptitude in nursing and midwifery; in bringing up children; in the management of the household; in the field of social service and fine arts and certain crafts and industries like knitting and embroidery.

The present day villagers are convinced that education of their women-folk will make their home happier, healthier and wealthier. The villagers of today do not think that their educated women will dominate in their homes and neglect them.

The villagers are no longer holding back their girls from going to schools or colleges. The rural women teachers and nurses are showing better results in the villages than the ladies from the urban areas. The educated women of the villages are maintaining their households in a nice manner and are supplementing the income of the family as well.

Agriculture in India is no longer based on the mercy of nature. His agrarian reforms, agricultural improvements, and increasing the application of science and technology are bringing sea changes in the faces and fate of the villages. Tap water and electricity have made the villages a worth living place far from the maddening crowd, pollution, and squalor of the urban areas.

The thoughtful persons long to live in rural surroundings which are healthful and secure. The farmers are increasing their crop-yield without much extra expense.

Some villages are getting industrialized on account of overdue increase in agricultural production, the villagers have become politically and economically sound now. The age-long division of society on caste lines no longer exists in the villages. These factors are awakening the village folk to the modern, realities.

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